Indigenous Round named in honour of NSW Player

By Dr Rodney Gillett

Doug Nicholls

Doug Nicholls after whom the AFL Indigenous Round is named came from New South Wales.

He was born and raised on the Cummeragunja aboriginal mission on the NSW side of the Murray River in the Barmah Forest, near Echuca.

He told the Sporting Globe in 1935,

“I get a tremendous kick out of football because I know my people in New South Wales follow my doings closely by the wireless and in the newspapers. This always spurs me on, and gives me added confidence”.

(Sporting Globe 1 June 1935)

He began working life as a tar boy on the sheep stations in the southern Riverina. After moving to Melbourne to play football he became a council worker, boxer in Jimmy Sharman’s travelling boxing show, professional foot-runner, pastor, advocate for aboriginal advancement, and finally, Governor of South Australia (1976-77).

However, it was on the Cummeragunja mission oval that he learnt to play football.

Sir Doug played his early football with the Cummeragunja mission team in the Western and Moira Riding district league based around Nathalia. In 1925 he joined nearby Tongala in the Goulburn Valley Football League.

Sir Doug went to Melbourne in 1927 to try out for VFL club Carlton but left the Blues after a trainer refused to rub him down after training because of his skin colour according to his biographer Mavis Thorpe Clark (who wrote Pastor Doug: An Aboriginal Leader in 1965).

He joined Northcote in the Victorian Football Association (VFA) where he starred in the 1929 premiership. He won the club’s best and fairest award in 1929-1930 and finished third in the Recorder Cup for the best and fairest in the VFA in 1930.

Sir Doug Nicholls was 5 ft 2 inches (158 cm), but muscular and lightning fast.

A further highlight of his VFA career was representing the Association in interstate matches in 1931 against NSW at the SCG and against the VFL at the MCG.

In 1932, Sir Doug joined Fitzroy in the VFL and played 54 games for between 1932-36. He finished third in the club best and fairest in 1934 behind Hadyn Bunton (Brownlow medallist 1931-32 & 1935) and Wilfred “Chicken” Smallhorn (who won the Brownlow medal in 1933).

In 1934 he became the first aboriginal player to represent the VFL when he played against the VFA. He later represented Victoria against Western Australia.

Since 1916 the Australian Football League (AFL) has named the Indigenous Round in his honour to recognise his outstanding contribution both to football and to Australian society. The Indigenous Round recognises the wonderful contribution of all aboriginal players to the game.

However, it should be noted that there is no written evidence to support the claim that the Aboriginal game of marn-grook influenced the drawing up of the rules of the game we know as Australian football.

There are assertions that as Tom Wills grew up in the western district of Victoria and had played football with aboriginal children that this somehow influenced him in the drafting of the rules. But there is no evidence of this in his correspondence or contemporary accounts.

On the contrary Wills had advocated the adoption of the Rugby School rules (from where he went to school in England) but these were rejected as too complicated and unsuitable for the drier and harder Australian grounds by the his colleagues on the Melbourne Football Club committee that devised the rules in 1859.

While there are advocates of an oral indigenous narrative to support the case that there was an indigenous influence on the codification of the game there is still no firm evidence to support that claim.

Most historians have moved on, according to respected historians Gillian Hibbins and Trevor Ruddell in the journal of the Melbourne Cricket Club, The Yorker in 2009, to commemorate the achievements of indigenous players in the evolution of the game since 1859.

More recently, Roy Hay in his book Aboriginal Football in the Nineteenth Century: They Did Not Come From Nowhere (2019) clearly shows that that there is no direct evidence that the game of Australian football was derived from the Aboriginal game.

Hay challenges the proponents of marn-grook as a major influence on the origins of football to subject the outcomes of their research to historical assessment in order to show that it is “more than a seductive myth”.

Sir Douglas Ralph Nicholls KCVO MBE OBE by Rod Gillett

Doug Nicholls
as a young man

The search for the Greatest NSW Team unearthed a most distinguished Australian, Sir Doug Nicholls.

Sir Doug was born on 9 December 1906 and raised on the Cummeragunja aboriginal mission on the NSW side of the Murray River, near Echuca.

He began working life as a tar boy on the sheep stations in southern NSW. After moving to Melbourne to play football he became a council worker, boxer in Jimmy Sharman’s travelling boxing show, professional foot-runner, pastor, advocate for aboriginal advancement, and finally, Governor of South Australia (1976-77).

He was knighted in 1972 for “distinguished service to the advancement of aboriginal people. He had earlier been awarded an MBE (1957) and an OBE (1968). He was awarded the high honour of KCVO (Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order) by the Queen in Adelaide in 1977.

However, it was on the Cummeragunja mission oval that he learnt to play football according to Roy Hay, the author of the recently released ground-breaking book, Aboriginal People and Australian Football in the Nineteenth Century (2019).

Nicholls played his early football with the Cummeragunja mission team in the Western and Moira Riding district league based around Nathalia that was the forerunner to the Picola Football League. We are still trying to establish if he was member of the team that won the 1921 premiership.

In 1925 he joined nearby Tongala then playing in the Goulburn Valley Football League where he linked up with his brother Herbert, better known as “Dowie” (Great Goals: Goulburn Valley Football league 1894-1994).

Nicholls went to Melbourne in 1927 to try out for VFL club Carlton and played some reserve grade games. He famously left Carlton after a trainer refused to rub him down after training because of his skin colour according to his biographer Mavis Thorpe Clark, author of Pastor Doug: An Aboriginal Leader (1965).

He subsequently joined Northcote in the Victorian Football Association (VFA) where he became a regular member of the team. According to the AFL Record (27-29 May 2016), he starred in the 1929 win as well as the losing grand finals in 1930-31. He won the club’s best and fairest award in 1929-1930 and finished third in the Recorder Cup for the best and fairest in the VFA.

The Sporting Globe reported in 1929 that ‘he flashes through packs of big men, whisks around small men . . . and attempts marks at the back of any six-footer’. Nicholls was 5 ft 2 inches (158 cm) tall, but muscular and lightning fast. He was also a professional runner and won the Nyah and Warracknabeal Gifts in 1929

A further highlight of his VFA career was representing the Association in interstate matches in 1931 against NSW at the SCG and against the VFL at the MCG.

Doug Nicholls
Fitzroy Footballer

In a preview of the NSW v VFA match, The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1931) rated Nicholls as one of the main attractions, “He is a beautiful pass and high mark. Is very plucky, and revels in crushes, out of which he bounces like a rubber ball”. The VFA won 16.11.107 to NSW 13.17.95.

In 1932, Nicholls joined Fitzroy in the VFL and played alongside the great Hadyn Bunton, originally from Albury who was selected as first rover in the NSW Greatest Team. Bunton befriended Nicholls at Fitzroy and made him feel welcome, according to Mavis Thorpe Clark.

After Bunton was killed in a road accident in 1955, Pastor Doug officiated at his memorial service in Adelaide.

Nicholls played 54 games and kicked two goals for Fitzroy in the period 1932-36. He finished third in the club best and fairest in 1934 behind Hadyn Bunton (Brownlow medallist 1931-32 & 1935 ) and Wilfred “Chicken” Smallhorn (who won the Brownlow medal in 1933).

In 1934 he became the first aboriginal player to represent the VFL when they played the VFA. The following season he was selected for the tour to play against Western Australia and South Australia. He played in both Victoria’s wins over WA but missed the match against the SANFL due to injury.

Nicholls returned to Northcote in 1937 but ongoing knee injuries forced him to retire in 1939.

However, he did return to home to Cummeragunja for one last game in 1940 for a fund-raising game against Echuca at the Victoria Park Oval in Echuca.

Nicholls also returned to Northcote as non-playing coach in 1947. He is believed to be the first aboriginal person to coach a senior football club. Another example of him pushing the boundaries for his people.

Sir Doug expressed his passion for the game of football in an article in the Sporting Globe (1 June 1935):

“I get a tremendous kick out of football, because I know my people in New South Wales follow my doings and play closely by wireless and in the newspapers. This always spurs me on, and gives me added confidence”.

Shepparton Street Art
a fitting tribute

The ultimate football tribute for Sir Doug Nicholls has been the naming of the AFL’s Indigenous Round in his honour.